The following adverbs can be used to join sentences or clauses. They replace the more formal structure of preposition + which in a relative clause:

where, when, why


  • That’s the restaurant where we met for the first time.
    (where = at/in which)
  • I remember the day when we first met.
    (when = on which)
  • There was a very hot summer the year when he was born.
    (when = in which)
  • Tell me (the reason) why you were late home.
    (why = for which, but could replace the whole phrase ‘the reason for which’)
Relative adverbs 1
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