Capital letters are used with:

Names and titles of people

  • Winston Churchill
  • Marilyn Monroe
  • the Queen of England
  • the President of the United States
  • the Headmaster of Eton
  • Doctor Mathews
  • Professor Samuels.

Note: The personal pronoun ‘I’ is always written with a capital letter.

Titles of works, books etc.

  • War and Peace
  • The Merchant of Venice
  • Crime and Punishment
  • Tristan and Isolde

Months of the year

January July
February August
March September
April October
May November
June December

Days of the week

Monday Friday
Tuesday Saturday
Wednesday Sunday




Christmas Easter New Year’s Day
Boxing Day May Day Thanksgiving Day

Geographical names
Names of countries and continents

America England Scotland
China Peru Albania
Africa Europe Asia

Names of regions, states, districts etc.

Sussex California Queensland
Provence Tuscany Vaud
Florida Costa Brava Tyrol

Names of cities, towns, villages etc.

London Cape Town Rome
Florence Bath Wagga Wagga
Vancouver Wellington Peking

Names of rivers, oceans, seas, lakes etc.

the Atlantic the Dead Sea the Pacific
Lake Leman Lake Victoria Lake Michigan
the Rhine the Thames the Nile

Names of geographical formations

the Himalayas the Alps the Sahara

Adjectives relating to nationality nouns

France – French music
Australia – Australian animals
Germany – German literature
Arabia – Arabic writing
Indonesia – Indonesian poetry
China – Chinese food

Names of streets, buildings, parks etc.

Park Lane Central Avenue Pall Mall
George Street Sydney Opera House Central Park
Hyde Park the Empire State Building Wall Street