Compound nouns made with SOME, ANY and NO
Compound nouns with some- and any- are used in the same way as some and any.
- Someone is sleeping in my bed.
- He saw something in the garden.
- I left my glasses somewhere in the house.
- Are you looking for someone? (= I’m sure you are)
- Have you lost something? (= I’m sure you have)
- Is there anything to eat? (real question)
- Did you go anywhere last night?
- She didn’t go anywhere last night.
- He doesn’t know anybody here.
that there is a difference in emphasis between nothing, nobody etc.
and not … anything, not … anybody
SOMETHING, SOMEBODY, SOMEWHERE
- I don’t know anything about it. (= neutral, no emphasis)
- I know nothing about it (= more emphatic, maybe defensive)
ANYBODY, ANYTHING, ANYWHERE
- I have something to tell you.
- There is something to drink in the fridge.
- He knows somebody in New York
- Susie has somebody staying with her.
- They want to go somewhere hot for their holidays.
- Keith is looking for somewhere to live.
NOBODY, NOTHING, NOWHERE
- Is there anybody who speaks English here?
- Does anybody have the time?
- Is there anything to eat?
- Have you anything to say?
- He doesn’t have anything to stay tonight.
- I wouldn’t eat anything except at Maxim’s.
- There is nobody in the house at the moment
- When I arrived there was nobody to meet me.
- I have learnt nothing since I began the course.
- There is nothing to eat.
- There is nowhere as beautiful as Paris in the Spring.
- Homeless people have nowhere to go at night.
can also be used in positive statements to mean ‘no matter which‘, ‘no matter who‘, ‘no matter what‘:
- You can borrow any of my books.
- They can choose anything from the menu.
- You may invite anybody to dinner, I don’t mind.