The Zero Conditional

Zero conditionals are used to make statements about the real world, and often refer to general truths, such as scientific facts. 

1. Form

In ‘zero’ conditional sentences, the tense in both parts of the sentence is the simple present:

‘IF’ CLAUSE (CONDITION)MAIN CLAUSE (RESULT)
If + simple present
If you heat ice
If it rains
simple present
it melts.
you get wet

NOTE: The order of the clauses is not fixed – the ‘if’ clause can be first or second:

Examples

  • Ice melts if you heat it.
  • You get wet if it rains.

2. Function

In these sentences, the time is now or always and the situation is real and possible. They are used to make statements about the real world, and often refer to general truths, such as scientific facts.

Examples

  • If you freeze water, it becomes a solid.
  • Plants die if they don’t get enough water.
  • If my husband has a cold, I usually catch it.
  • If public transport is efficient, people stop using their cars.
  • If you mix red and blue, you get purple.

This structure is often used to give instructions, using the imperative in the main clause:

Examples

  • If Bill phonestell him to meet me at the cinema.
  • Ask Pete if you’re not sure what to do

Quick Courses & Quizzes: For English4Today members.
Non-members: STANDARD MEMBERSHIP is free.

REGISTER NOW


TRY THE RELATED QUICK COURSES

No items found

Close Menu
×
×

Basket

FREE OFFER
YOUR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEVEL WITH CERTIFICATE

DOWNLOADABLE and PRINTABLE CErtifiCAte

Sample Standard Test Certificate

 

Sample Standard Certificate 1

 

 The certificate:

Can be downloaded and printed as a PDF file

Your percentage for the test can be checked against the level at https://english4today.com/tests/

Level Test Registration 2

Please register or login for the STANDARD TEST plus CERTIFICATE. Your first and family names are used to complete the certificate information. Your email address is required to validate your registration and to send you the full test results.

Show privacy policy